Common Name: 
China-fir

One or two species of conifers, tall evergreen trees having narrow crowns and branches irregularly in whorls.  Leaves narrow, stiff, leathery, sharply pointed, spirally arranged but 2 ranked.  Female flower terminal in somewhat spherical cones.   Two species were once recognized, Cunninghamia lanceolata and C. konishii, often referred to as the China-fir and the Taiwan-fir.  Molecular genetic evidence suggests that they may be the same species, and that C. konishii of Taiwan derive from multiple colorizations from the mainland.  The Taiwan-fir is now referred to as Cunninghamia lanceolata var. konishii.
Cunninghamia: after James Cunningham, a surgeon with the East India Co. who in 1701 discovered C. lanceolata.

Pronunciation: 
kun-ing-HAM-i-a
Family: 
Cupressaceae
Taxodiaceae