Crataegus douglasii
Common name: 
Douglas Hawthorn
Black Hawthorn
Pronunciation: 
kra-TEE-gus dug-LAS-e-i
Family: 
Rosaceae
Genus: 
Type: 
Broadleaf
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
Yes
  • Deciduous tree, but may be shrubby and spread into wide thickets, to 30-40 ft (9-12 m) tall, usually with a long trunk, stout spreading and ascending branches, forming a rounded crown, armed with thorns 0.8-2.5 cm long.  Leaves alternate, simple, broad obovate to ovate, 2.5-5 cm long, 1.5-4 cm wide, entire near base, doubly toothed above, often somewhat lobed near apex, thin, smooth and glossy above, paler below, petiole 13-19 mm long.  Flowers white, about 13-15 mm wide, 5 styles, on long slender stalks, in broad clusters.  Fruit ovoid, reddish-purple to black, glossy, 8-10 mm wide, pulp sweet and succulent.
  • Sun or part shade.  Moist to dry sites.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 5     "Contradictory information concerning the distribution of Douglas hawthorn is plentiful" (http://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis).  Its native range extends from southeastern Alaska, south to British Columbia, Alberta, Washington, Oregon and to northern California.  It is also found in more inland locations in Idaho, Montana, Utah, Nevada, Colorado, and Wyoming, and in disjunct regions around the western Great Lakes (Minnesota, northern Michigan, southern Ontario, Saskatchewan).
  • douglasii: after David Douglas (1799-1834), Scottish plant collector who several times travelled to and collected plants in the Pacific Northwest.
  • Oregon State Univ. campus: southeast of Peavy Hall, near main north-south sidewalk.

 

Click image to enlarge
  • plant habit, flowering

    plant habit, flowering

  • flowering branches

    flowering branches

  • flowers and leaves

    flowers and leaves

  • flower cluster

    flower cluster

  • leafy shoot

    leafy shoot

  • leaves

    leaves

  • stem, thorn

    stem, thorn

  • developing fruit

    developing fruit

  • leaves and fruit

    leaves and fruit

  • ripe fruit and leaves

    ripe fruit and leaves

  • winter twig, buds and thorn

    winter twig, buds and thorn