Arbutus menziesii
Common name: 
Pacific Madrone
Pacific Madrona
Pronunciation: 
ar-BU-tus men-ZEE-see-i
Family: 
Ericaceae
Genus: 
Type: 
Broadleaf
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
Yes
  • Broad-leaved evergreen tree, 20-65 ft (6-20 m), mature bark reddish brown, exfoliating, bark on stems smooth and reddish.  Leaves alternate, simple, oval, broad, 3.5-10 cm long x 4-7.5 cm wide, thick and leathery, base subcordate to broad-cuneate, apex obtuse or somewhat acute, margin entire, lustrous dark green above.   Flowers white, urn-shaped, about 1 cm long.  Fruit ellipsoid or obovoid, orange-red, 10-13 mm.
  • Sun to part shade, sheds leaves and bark irregularly so rather messy in the garden.  Seedlings are difficult to transplant unless very young, they should not be much more than a foot (30 cm) tall.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone (7)8    Native to Pacific Northwest and California, narrow belt along the Pacific Ocean.
  • menziesii: after Archibald Menzies, Scottish physician and naturalist who collected in the Pacific Northwest.
  • Common name: Madrone or Madrona are derived from the Spanish name, Madroño, the name for the closely related Strawberry Tree (Arbutus unedo) of the Mediterranean region.  Father Juan Crespi (1721-–1782), a Spanish missionary, in 1769 during an expedition in California discovered trees that he thought were similar, albeit with smaller fruit, to the Madroño of Spain.
Click image to enlarge
  • a stand in a western Oregon forest

    a stand in a western Oregon forest

  • older tree in a western Oregon forest

    older tree in a western Oregon forest

  • plant habit

    plant habit

  • shoots and leaves

    shoots and leaves

  • leaves and developing flower clusters

    leaves and developing flower clusters

  • plant habit, flowering and fruiting

    plant habit, flowering and fruiting

  • flower clusters

    flower clusters

  • early fruit development

    early fruit development

  • leaves, immature and mature fruit

    leaves, immature and mature fruit

  • mature fruit

    mature fruit

  • trunks, bark

    trunks, bark