Amelanchier alnifolia
Common name: 
Western Serviceberry
Pacific Serviceberry
Saskatoon Berry
Alder Leaved Serviceberry
Pronunciation: 
am-e-LANG-kee-er al-ni-FO-le-ah
Family: 
Rosaceae
Genus: 
Type: 
Broadleaf
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
Yes
  • Deciduous shrub/tree, to 40 ft (12 m), spreading to erect.  Leaves alternate, simple, tough, oval to rounded or nearly 4 sided, from 1/4 to 3/4 of the margin serrate, tomentose beneath when young, soon becoming glabrous, 2-5 cm long, 8-13 paired veins, 2-20 teeth on each side of the blade.  Flowers small, white, fragrant, 5-15 in erect racemes.  Fruit 1-1.5 cm, rounded, purple-black, edible, sweet.
  • Sun or part shade and ordinary garden soil.  Can be used for erosion control.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 2      Native range from southern Alaska to California, east to the Dakotas, Nebraska, New Mexico, and Arizona, mostly along river banks and moist thickets and forests.
  • Fruit considered an emerging horticultural crop across the upper mid-west and Canadian prairies.
  • Several botanical varieties (with variation in their description and classification) and cultivars, including:
    • ‘Altaglow’  -  columnar to narrow conical, multi-stemmed shrub, my reach over 20 ft (6 m) tall, fruit is sweet and white (turns brown after picking), but not plentiful; very hardy.  It was introduced as an ornamental in 1958 in part because of its bright autumn foliage varying from yellow to orange to red to purple.
    • ‘Northline’  -  medium shrub, 6-10 ft (2-3 m) tall, upright oval, becoming spreading, suckers freely, outer branches arching, very hardy.  Introduced in 1960 by Beaverlodge Nursery in Alberta.
    • ‘Regent’  -  compact shrub, vigorous, good foliage, sweet fruit.
    • ‘Smoky’  -  grows to about 15 ft (5 m), branches ascending to arching, suckers freely.  One of the first cultivars released, in 1952 by Beaverlodge, Alberta. large fruit.
    • ‘Thiessen’  -  oval to round shape, to about 15 ft (5 m) tall.  Flowers earlier than other cultivars and has the largest fruit.  Selected in Saskatchewan an introduced in 1976.
  • See Dirr (1998) for descriptions of Amelanchier cultivars, many of which are derived from A. x grandiflora and A. laevis.
  • Oregon State Univ. campus: northeast Azalea House on Madison Ave.
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  • plant habit, spring flowering

    plant habit, spring flowering

  • plant habit, spring flowering

    plant habit, spring flowering

  • flowers and leaves

    flowers and leaves

  • flower

    flower

  • leaves at petal fall

    leaves at petal fall

  • plant habit, hedge, start of fruiting

    plant habit, hedge, start of fruiting

  • developing fruit clusters

    developing fruit clusters

  • fruiting branches, summer

    fruiting branches, summer

  • fruit and leaves

    fruit and leaves

  • leaves, fall

    leaves, fall

  • twig and buds, winter

    twig and buds, winter