Abies pinsapo
Common name: 
Spanish Fir
Spanish Pin Fir
Pronunciation: 
A-bez pin-SAH-po
Family: 
Pinaceae
Genus: 
Type: 
Conifer
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
No
  • Conifer, evergreen, to 65 ft (20 m), broadly conical, branches in regular whorls, usually forming a symmetrical crown.  Needles radially erect, stiff, thick, 8-15 mm long, very sharp-pointed.  Twigs brownish-green, hairless.  Cones cylindrical, erect, 10-15 cm long.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 7     Mountains of southern Spain, between 1000 and 1800 m.
  • Several selections, including:
  • pinsapo: old Spanish word meaning pine-fir, pino(pine) and sapino (fir).  Or possibly short for pinus saponis, soap-fir, since twigs crushed in water yield a kind of soap (Jacobson, 1996).
  • Oregon State Univ. campus: east side Gleeson Hall.
Click image to enlarge
  • plant habit

    plant habit

  • plant habit

    plant habit

  • branches

    branches

  • branchlets and immature cones, spring

    branchlets and immature cones, spring

  • cones and branchlets

    cones and branchlets