Abies nordmanniana
Common name: 
Nordmann Fir
Caucasian Fir
Pronunciation: 
A-bez nord-man-e-AH-na
Family: 
Pinaceae
Genus: 
Type: 
Conifer
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
No
  • Conifer, evergreen, 40-60 ft (12-18 m), in wild 200 ft (61 m), densely branched from ground up, regularly arranged.  Needles dense, directed forward, 20-30 mm long, 2-2.5 mm wide, apex rounded and notched, lustrous dark green above (no stomatal lines), two white stomatal bands below.  Cones 15 cm long and 5 cm wide, cylindrical.
  • Sun.  Adaptable.  Fast growing.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 4      Native to Caucasus, Asia Minor.
  • nordmanniana: discovered by Alexander Von Nordmann, German botanist (1803-66), who introduced it to western Europe in 1838.  Grown commercially as a Christmas tree.
  • 'Golden Spreader' is a dwarf, low growing selection with yellow and green foliage.
  • Oregon State Univ. campus: north of Gilmore Hall.
Click image to enlarge
  • plant habit

    plant habit

  • branches

    branches

  • branchlet

    branchlet

  • branchlets

    branchlets

  • needles

    needles