Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Conifer, evergreen, 40-60 ft (12-18 m), in wild 200 ft (61 m), densely branched from ground up, regularly arranged. Needles dense, directed forward, 20-30 mm long, 2-2.5 mm wide, apex rounded and notched, lustrous dark green above (no stomatal lines), two white stomatal bands below. Cones 15 cm long and 5 cm wide, cylindrical.
- Sun. Adaptable. Fast growing.
- Hardy to USDA Zone 4 Native to Caucasus, Asia Minor.
- nordmanniana: discovered by Alexander Von Nordmann, German botanist (1803-66), who introduced it to western Europe in 1838. Grown commercially as a Christmas tree.
- 'Golden Spreader' is a dwarf, low growing selection with yellow and green foliage.
- Oregon State Univ. campus: north of Gilmore Hall.