Abies grandis
Common name: 
Grand Fir
Pronunciation: 
A-bez GRAN-dis
Family: 
Pinaceae
Genus: 
Type: 
Conifer
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
Yes
  • Conifer, evergreen, large (the largest Abies), 100-250 ft (30-76 m), conical, slightly drooping branches.  Needles flat, spreading almost at right angles in 2 rows, crowded and turned upward on upper branches, 1.5-6 cm long (often alternating short and long needles), apex notched, grooved, shiny and dark green above, silvery-white beneath, odor of oranges when crushed.   Cones 5-10 cm long, cylindrical, upright.  Roots deep and wide spreading.
  • Sun or partial shade.  Adaptable with regard to soil.  Grown as a Christmas tree.
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 4    Native to Southern British Columbia south along Pacific coast to California, also in central Idaho and eastern Oregon.  Commonly found at low elevations in the area.
  • A few selections available from specialty nurseries, including:
    • ‘Aurea’  -  yellow new foliage
    • ‘Compacta’  -   small round ball
    • ‘Johnsonii’  -  narrow form
  • Oregon State Univ. campus: north side of Peavy Hall.
Click image to enlarge
  • plant habit, young and mature

    plant habit, young and mature

  • branches

    branches

  • branchlets

    branchlets

  • branchlets

    branchlets

  • branchlet

    branchlet

  • needles

    needles

  • needles, upper and lower

    needles, upper and lower

  • leaves and pollen cones, spring

    leaves and pollen cones, spring

  • new growth

    new growth

  • cone and remnants

    cone and remnants

  • twig tip, dormant buds

    twig tip, dormant buds

  • trunk, bark

    trunk, bark