Agathis australis
Common name: 
Kauri
Kauri Pine
Pronunciation: 
AG-ath-iss aw-STRAL-iss
Family: 
Araucariaceae
Genus: 
Type: 
Conifer
Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon: 
No
  • Conifer, broadleaf evergreen tree, may reach 100-160 ft (30-50 m) high, large trunk, some 3-23 ft (1-4 m) in diameter and very cylindrical, little visible taper.  Branches are often in whorls and horizontal spreading. They are shed at a basal abscission layer soon after their foliage dies. In large trees the first branch is often 50 ft (15 m) or more above the ground. Bark is blue-gray, thick, and shed in large plates. It is very resinous, produces a gum (amber) in large amounts.  Leaves variable, alternate to opposite or nearly so, erect on young plants, lanceolate, 5-10 cm long and 1 cm wide, leathery, short stalked. On older plants, leaves are oblong, 2-3.5 cm long and densely arranged.  Plant usually monoecious, male and female cones on a single plant.  Male (pollen) cones are cylindrical, 2-5 cm long and female (seed) cones are woody, globose, 8-10 cm thick.
  • Sun, part shade, best in free draining soil, slow growing, may stay in the juvenile pyramidal shape for more than 50 years
  • Hardy to USDA Zone 9 (subtropical)
  • Native to the North Island of New Zealand.
Click image to enlarge
  • plant habit and trunk

    plant habit and trunk

  • crown branches

    crown branches

  • bark

    bark

  • foliage

    foliage

  • leaves

    leaves

  • young trees in a landscape

    young trees in a landscape

  • foliage, young tree

    foliage, young tree

  • young trunk and branch abscission sites

    young trunk and branch abscission sites