Native to (or naturalized in) Oregon:
- Conifer, broadleaf evergreen tree, may reach 100-160 ft (30-50 m) high, large trunk, some 3-23 ft (1-4 m) in diameter and very cylindrical, little visible taper. Branches are often in whorls and horizontal spreading. They are shed at a basal abscission layer soon after their foliage dies. In large trees the first branch is often 50 ft (15 m) or more above the ground. Bark is blue-gray, thick, and shed in large plates. It is very resinous, produces a gum (amber) in large amounts. Leaves variable, alternate to opposite or nearly so, erect on young plants, lanceolate, 5-10 cm long and 1 cm wide, leathery, short stalked. On older plants, leaves are oblong, 2-3.5 cm long and densely arranged. Plant usually monoecious, male and female cones on a single plant. Male (pollen) cones are cylindrical, 2-5 cm long and female (seed) cones are woody, globose, 8-10 cm thick.
- Sun, part shade, best in free draining soil, slow growing, may stay in the juvenile pyramidal shape for more than 50 years
- Hardy to USDA Zone 9 (subtropical)
- Native to the North Island of New Zealand.